He then served as a Research Fellow and as a Associate in the Brescia University (1995-2004), where he lectured Italian and Comparative Criminal Law. From 2004 to 2016 he served as Full Professor at the Università degli Studi, Milan, lecturing Italian and European Criminal Law. From2016 to 2018 he served as a Full Professor at the Bocconi University, Milan, teaching Criminal Lawand Transnational Criminal Law. He has tutored several PhD theses.
He has been co-founder and editor-in-chief of the on line reviews Diritto Penale Contemporaneoand Diritto penale contemporaneo – Rivista trimestrale. From 2012 to 2018 he has been SecretaryGeneral of the Société Internationale de Droit Pénal. From 2007 to 2010 he was member of theItalian group of legal experts FRALEX, appointed by the Fundamental Rights Agency of theEuropean Union for the elaboration of reports on the implementation of fundamental rights in thedomestic legal orders.
He was a member of several international research projects, such as Kompetenznetzwerk Recht derzivilen Sicherheit in Europa (KoRSE) at the Freiburg Albert-Ludwigs-University, Germany;Legislación antiterrorista y Estado de Derecho directed by Prof. José Ramón Serrano-Piedecasas ofthe Castilla-La Mancha University (Spain); Cour de justice et justice pénale (nouveaux équilibresau sein de l’espace de liberté, sécurité et justice) directed by ARPE (Association des recherchespénales européennes) in cooperation with the Unité Mixte de Recherche en Droit comparé de Paris(Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne e Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Trafficking in humanbeings: a critical perspective directed by Prof. Claes Lernstedt (Stockholm University), RitaHaverkam (Tübingen University) and Ester Herlin (Amsterdam Free University); EuropeanCriminal Policy Initiative Global directed by Prof. Helmut Satzger of the University of Munich andfunded by the European Union; Personas Jurídicas y Responsabilidad Criminal directed by Prof.Joan Queralt (Barcelona University).
He is regularly invited as a lecturer by the Italian High School for the Judiciary and has givenlectures and conferences in English, Spanish, German and French at several internationalinstitutions, such as the New York University and the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia(USA), the Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht and the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität (both in Freiburg, Germany), the Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt and thePassau Universität (Germany), the Collège de France in Paris, the Queen Mary University inLondon, the Université du Luxembourg, the Universitat de Barcelona, the Universitat de Girona(Spain), the Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (Spain), the Universidade da Coruña (Spain), theUniversidad de Granada and the Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche (Spain), the UniversitéCatholique de Louvain (Belgium), the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), theUniversidad de Talca (Chile), the Universidad Aldolfo Ibáñez (Chile), the Universidad DiegoPortales (Chile) and the Universidad Mayor (Chile).
He was a member of the Minister of Justice’s Commission on Reform of the Statute of Limitation(2012-2013) and of the Prime Minister’s Commission on Implementing the Fight against OrganisedCrime (2014).
In October 2015 he was awarded with the Fondazione Fratelli Confalonieri Prize for his academicperformance.His research topics cover most fields of national, European and transnational criminal law.
He wrote a book on the defence of necessity and another on the concept of violence in criminal law, aswell as more than 140 articles on topics such as international terrorism, organized crime, medicallaw and end-of-life decisions, the impact of human rights on criminal law, the dialogue betweennational and European courts.He is married and has a 13-year-old son, Mattia.